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Of all living beings living on our planet, insects are the most numerous class. It is good that these creatures are small and for the most part coexist peacefully with humans.
After all, even fantasies about huge spiders or cockroaches can become a nightmare for us. The largest representatives of this class will be discussed below.
Stick insect. This insect is noticeably larger than its competitors. The record specimen was found in the forests of Kalimantan in 1989. Its length with extended limbs was 56 cm. The name of the insect appeared due to their resemblance to leaves or sticks. In total, there are about 3 thousand varieties of stick insects. They usually live in the subtropics, but can be found in Australia and even Europe. These creatures are very sedentary, so they are sometimes even kept at home, in an aquarium. Stick insects eat leaves, choosing different tree species to get a complex of nutrients.
Lumberjack titanium. The largest beetle in the world is found in Brazil, French Guiana, and indeed in the Amazon. It is believed that an adult can reach a length of up to 22 cm.The average size is 79-168 mm. Dried specimens of the largest members of the species can cost up to $ 1,000. These beetles are nocturnal, at dusk they begin to crawl out of their hiding places, climb hills and take off. Male titanium lumberjacks are quite sensitive to light, so they do not react to light traps of entomologists. Interestingly, the life of the larvae remains a mystery, since they have not yet been found. Most likely they are 2-3 cm in size, and develop in the roots of dead trees. Pupation occurs in the soil. Titanium is not dangerous to humans, but it can bite on purpose in defense. His jaws are quite capable of biting his little finger.
Hercules beetle. This representative of the lamellar family has a rather unusual appearance. Females grow up to 80 mm in length, but males can reach twice as large. The body of insects is covered with small hairs, but they have a large horn. It is located on the head and is directed forward, while it also has several teeth. Females simply do not have such an outgrowth. You can meet Herculean beetles in Central and South America, on the islands of the Caribbean Sea. The female lays up to 1000 eggs, the growing larvae feed on wood. The grown creature lives up to six months, showing special activity during the wet season.
A giant leggy grasshopper. These insects live in Malaysia. They belong to the type of arthropods, orthoptera order. Grasshoppers feed on plants. Their wings are rather unusual; in the extended state, they are very similar to leaves, the same embossed, with spots and even holes. However, long legs do not help the grasshoppers to jump. The insect prefers to move slowly and occasionally fly. During the day, grasshoppers tend to sit still to avoid being hunted by predators. But at night they start looking for food and steam with the help of their long antennas. Males scream loudly and shrilly to attract females. Most of these grasshoppers feed on leaves, but some are active predators, hunting other small insects.
Goliath beetle. This genus of large beetles lives in Central and Southeast Africa. Moreover, the insects are quite heavy, the heaviest males reach 100 grams. This is a record figure among insects. And in length such beetles grow up to 110 mm. During the day, goliaths fly, hiding in the crowns of trees almost all the time. On the ground, they can be found quite rarely. Interestingly, depending on the climate, the color of the beetles also changes. This is due to the temperature requirements of the body, which makes it possible to fly. The main food of such beetles is overripe fruits and tree sap. Adults live for about six months. To lay eggs, the female finally descends to the ground. She places them in natural cavities. Interestingly, the beetle larvae can eat their younger relatives.
Rhino cockroach. This cockroach is one of the largest in the world fauna. Its length can reach 9 centimeters and weighs 30 grams. Such an insect lives in Australia, where it lives in fallen leaves, which it eats. The rhino cockroach is also a record holder in the field of longevity - it can live up to 10 years. Only after three years does his maturity come. And when the full size is reached, the chitinous cover is discarded up to 12 times. An adult cockroach is brown, wide and convex. It is a strong and stubborn insect that some hobbyists keep in their insectaries. Cockroaches do not like to be disturbed and start to hiss. Similar sounds are emitted during combat or courtship. Unlike other cockroaches, rhinos do not have wings, they are not even considered pests. On the contrary, this species is very beneficial for the ecosystem.
Giant ueta. This insect family lives in New Zealand. Females can reach a length of 8.5 cm and weigh up to 70 grams. However, it should be noted that most of the weight in this case is the eggs being hatched in the abdomen. Ueta is a wingless insect with a large and thick body. They are usually brown in color. For protection, hind legs with spikes are used, and when attacking, they are simply thrown forward. Ueta feeds on other insects, fruits, and fruits. The insect is very important, as it spreads the seeds of plants by eating them. The gigantism of the ueta is due to the fact that in New Zealand, due to isolation, there were simply no small mammals, so insects occupied an empty niche.
Agrippin scoop. Although the body length of this insect is small, its wingspan is impressive. The record specimen was caught in 1934 in Brazil. The individual had a wingspan of 30 cm. In general, such butterflies live in Central and South America. The wings are mostly gray in color with a pattern of dark spots. This look gives the insect a resemblance to a rather big bird, which can even scare a person in the dark. The lifestyle of the agrippina scoop remains poorly understood, as it occurs mainly at night. They feed on the leaves of legumes. Butterflies love to sit in trees at a height of 3-4 meters. The agrippina scoop has become so often caught simply for collections that the species is endangered.
Giant water bugs. People have a preconceived attitude towards bedbugs. It seems that they either smell terrible, or generally feed on human blood. Water bugs can only accidentally bite in a pond, and they stand out primarily for their size. Representatives of this species live in the tropics - in South America, India, Thailand. Usually they choose fresh water bodies for habitation. Giant water bugs can reach 15 cm in size. Nature has specially made the hind legs of such insects suitable not for walking, but for swimming. The front legs are strong, slightly shorter. It is a great tool for capturing prey. Adult bugs cannot breathe under water, so they have to rise to breathe to the surface. The respiratory organs are two tubes located on the abdomen. I must say that these bugs are predators. Their size allows them to hunt fry, tadpoles, amphibians and even small fish. Frozen on a rock or underwater plant, the bug waits for its prey, and then grabs it with its front paws. The proboscis is injected with saliva, which paralyzes the victim and dilutes it. Huge bugs can fly, however, they do it infrequently - moving or reacting to bright light. Fleeing from a larger predator, bedbugs pretend to be dead or release liquid from the anus into an approaching enemy. In the spring, males begin to transfer eggs on their backs, which the female lays there. In Southeast Asia, they learned how to cook amazing beetles for food.
Queen Alexandra's birdwing. This butterfly is the largest diurnal, it belongs to the family of sailboats. Females grow larger than males, the wingspan reaches 28 cm. In butterflies, sex differences are even pronounced - males are smaller, and their wings are narrower, colored blue and green, against brown in females. For the first time, Europeans learned about such an insect in 1906. And the next year, the butterfly collector Lord Rothschild gave the new species a name in honor of the wife of King Edward VII. You can meet such an insect only in the humid forests of Papua New Guinea. In addition, the eruption of Lamington volcano in 1951 destroyed a fairly large part of the distribution area. Deforestation is also endangering the species. Today it is officially forbidden to catch and sell such insects. The butterfly develops within three months, the caterpillars grow up to 12 cm in length and up to 3 cm in width.Already an adult individual lives only 4 months.