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The fact that every year thousands of people disappear without a trace is not a secret. Sometimes we have to talk about well-hidden murders, but most of these cases are just escapes.
Such actions are typical of adolescents, and adults sometimes decide to suddenly start a new life. Suicide can also be the cause of disappearances.
But there are several such disappearances in history that have remained unexplained and mysterious. These cases continue to intrigue to this day. Let's talk about the ten most mysterious disappearances of people.
Harold Holt. It does not often happen that an incumbent head of state disappears without a trace. But that is exactly what happened to the Prime Minister of Australia on the December morning of 1967. The official went for a swim near Portsea, Victoria. Nobody saw the prime minister again. Two days later, he was pronounced dead, and the post was taken by John McEwen. Naturally, all rescue forces were thrown into the search for Holt; the search operation became one of the largest in the history of the country. As a result, not even the prime minister's body was found. There have been many rumors surrounding Holt's disappearance. It was said that the minister committed suicide or faked his own death in order to escape with his mistress. And Australia, as a result, has a large number of rumors about this incident, including the most outlandish. How can you seriously believe that the country's prime minister was abducted by a Chinese submarine or UFO? Most likely, the reasons for the disappearance were quite natural - 59-year-old Holt was not completely healthy, and these places are also famous for their strong and dangerous currents.
John Cabot. What happened to the famous Italian explorer John Cabot in 1498 also remained a big mystery. This Italian navigator and merchant moved to England in 1494, having received permission from King Henry VII to sail the seas and discover new lands and countries. In 1497, during his expedition, he discovered the island of Newfoundland, as well as new fishing areas. A year later, Cabot led a second expedition to the shores of North America. The flotilla consisted of as many as 5 ships, the British were looking for a way from Europe to Asia. The fate of the expedition remained unclear. She returned back under the leadership of John's son, Sebastian Cabot. Then there were no such things as the coast guard and GPS, so it is not surprising that for a long time nothing was clear about the fate of the ships. The great discoveries of the English expedition Cabot became known from Spanish sources, on their maps a coastline with rivers and geographical names was drawn. The notes said that these data were discovered by the British. Cabot's disappearance hardly became a sensation at the time. At his disposal were rather primitive wooden boats, an average of 30 meters in length. There was a high probability that they could be injured during a storm or the crews were exposed to an exotic disease. Today the most popular version says that Cabot died at the very beginning of the voyage.
Raoul Wallenberg. Many have never heard of Raoul Wallenberg. This is not surprising, because his exploits are little known outside Sweden. During World War II, this courageous Swedish diplomat saved what is believed to be at least 20,000 Hungarian Jews. This is 10 times more than the famous Oskar Schindler, who also acted during the Holocaust. However, the capricious fame left the name of Raoul in oblivion. In 1944, Wallenberg was the first secretary of the Swedish mission in Budapest. He managed, by threats to German generals, to suspend their execution of orders to send Jews to death camps. After the arrival of the Red Army in Budapest, traces of the ambassador are lost. It is believed that he was arrested on espionage charges and taken to Moscow, where he was held at the Lubyanka. Another version says that Wallenberg was killed during street fighting in March 1945, the Hungarian radio "Kossuth" reported about this. All attempts by the Swedish authorities to find out something about the whereabouts of their ambassador ran into the silence of the Soviet authorities. Over time, hundreds of alleged evidence of Wallenberg's presence in Soviet prisons came to light. In 1947, Prosecutor Vyshinsky officially announced that Wallenberg was not in the USSR, but after 10 years the USSR changed its point of view. It was said that the prisoner Swede died of a heart attack in 1947. The 10-year research carried out in 2001, in principle, confirmed this version. However, no convincing evidence has ever been found. Moreover, there are records of the interrogation of allegedly Raoul a few days after his "official" death. There are versions that Wallenberg was kept in prisons and psychiatric hospitals for a long time, until 1989, when his personal belongings were transferred to relatives. In any case, the Swedish diplomat remains a real hero for his actions. He is remembered in his native country, thousands of Jews around the world are grateful to him.
Joseph Force Carter. The disappearance of this judge was a high-profile event in New York in 1930. Joseph Carter was one of the most popular people in the city — handsome, wealthy, and powerful. He knew how to be at the right time in the right place, there was not even a day that his name did not appear in the press. On the evening of August 6, 1930, just 4 months after being appointed to his post, Carter disappeared. After dining with friends at a restaurant in Manhattan, he got into a taxi and was never seen again. Large-scale searches were organized in several states at once, years and millions of dollars were spent. Almost 100 witnesses were interviewed and the case file was 975 pages long. The popular version says that the reason for Carter's disappearance was his difficult relationship with the mafia, which was not surprising given Joseph's post. Others believe that he simply fled with his mistress to start a new life, say, in Rio de Janeiro. The police discovered that the judge's account, his safe were empty, and two personal suitcases were missing. Perhaps the reason for Carter's murder was political differences with the Democratic Party. As a result, after 9 years it was officially announced that the judge was dead. The $ 5,000 reward did not help the search either. As a result, the secret of Carter's disappearance for 80 years has forced to put forward more and more new hypotheses, it is unlikely that it will be solved in the near future. But with the help of this story, the slang phrase "pull out Carter" arose, which means the mysterious disappearance of a person under suspicious circumstances.
Charles Nyungesset and François Coli. 1927 became a very important year in the history of aviation. It was marked by the race for the right to make the first flight across the Atlantic from America to Europe. In parallel, about a dozen pilots entered into a rivalry to be the first, but soon most of them dropped out, whether for mechanical reasons or due to lack of funding. Today we all know that Charles Lindbergh made this historic flight. Two weeks after his flight, the French pilot Charles Nungesset and his navigator François Coly also decided to repeat the flight, only in the opposite direction, flying from Paris to New York. Departure took place from Le Bourget airport on a heavy single-engine biplane "White Bird" weighing 11 thousand pounds. The plane mysteriously disappeared, presumably crashing into the sea. Although there are versions that this happened in Newfoundland or Maine, in the vast forests of these sparsely populated areas. The debris confirming the disaster has never been found. The disappearance of two brave French pilots remained a mystery.
Glenn Miller. The popular American jazz musician and leader of his own band went missing on his way from England to France in 1944. Miller was going to play the troops that had just liberated Paris. However, at that time, few knew about the loss of the musician. The fact is that on the same day the Germans launched their last major offensive against the Allied forces, called the "Battle of the Ardennes". It was news of these events that captured all the front pages of newspapers. What happened to the single-engine "Norsman S-64" 10 days before Christmas remained a mystery. There was a thick fog that day, eyewitnesses said that even birds sat on the ground. The most logical version is the plane crash into the English Channel, but no traces were found to prove this. It was rumored that the musician was captured by the Nazis, who tortured him for a long time. The versions that the plane was shot down by the Germans were not confirmed, since there were no flights that day. In 1998, the German tabloid "Bild" published an investigation by its journalist Ulfkott, who argued that he had the facts of Miller's death in the arms of a prostitute in a Parisian brothel on December 15. Allegedly, the command decided to hide the fact of such a shameful death of the idol. Today, the most reliable hypothesis is that the Norsman was bombed by British bombers, which over the Channel were getting rid of their deadly cargo after an unsuccessful flight. This is evidenced by the logbook of one of the bombers. This document, by the way, was sold in 1999 by Sotheby's. Military pilots saw the Norsman below as it was hit by explosions and dived into the sea. Miller's death ended up being a huge loss to the entire American music scene.
Dan Cooper. The history of the disappearance of this criminal is one of the strangest in both aviation and forensics. On November 24, 1971, a man calling himself Dan Cooper hijacked a Boeing 727 by our state of Washington, collected a ransom of $ 200,000, and parachuted out at an altitude of 3000 meters. Such an act was done as if to order for lovers of conspiracy theories, the scenario of crime and escape was painfully exciting. And Cooper himself was never seen again. This story gave rise to many theories and guesses - who was this mysterious man and what happened to him? In 1980, the secret was revealed - on the banks of the Columbia River, a boy discovered a pack of old faded bills brought by the current. A check of their numbers confirmed that they had been passed on to Cooper. For many, this was proof that the hijacker died while jumping. But a small part of the ransom was found, only about 5 thousand, but what happened to the rest of the money? The letter that came to the Los Angeles Times three weeks after the hijacking is also perplexing. There, someone explains that he is terminally ill, and he needed the money to brighten up the rest of his days. The text was ruled as a joke, but this did not help the investigation.
Percy Fawcett. In 1925, this British archaeologist and explorer, along with his eldest son Jack and friend Rayleigh Rimel, traveled to the Amazon jungle in search of the hidden "golden" city. Who could have imagined that things could not go according to the plan? But trips of this kind are fraught with surprises. Finally, Fawcett left a note stating that if he disappeared, then one should not look for him, or even the next expedition could suffer his fate. The last thing that was known about the trio of travelers was that they crossed a tributary of the Amazon, the Xingu River. Only unconfirmed observations and many conflicting rumors speak about the fate of Fawcett. All this served as the basis for various theories explaining the disappearance of the scientist. Over the next years, more than 100 people disappeared in these places in 13 expeditions that were looking for Fossett. The most reliable version is that the scientist was killed by the Indians, especially since his compass was found in their possessions in 1933. The hypothesis that Fossett became the head of a tribe of cannibals sounds fantastic. In the jungle in 1951 and 1998, remains were discovered that could have belonged to Percy. However, it was no longer profitable for the heirs themselves to learn the truth about the disappearance of the scientist - the story of his mysterious disappearance was selling so well.
Jimmy Hoffa. The union leader is always in sight. It is believed that Jimmy Hoffa, chairman of the Timsters, has something to do with organized crime. As a result, on July 30, 1975, Hoffa disappeared from a parking lot near a restaurant near Detroit. I must say that this did not surprise anyone, because among Jimmy's acquaintances were well-known mafiosi Anthony Gialcone and Anthony Provezano, with whom the meeting was to take place. In addition, Hoffa himself has already served time for attempting to bribe a jury. In 1982, the death of the union leader was officially recognized, but no one ever found his body. The most popular version is that Hoffa is buried under the ten-yard mark at the Giants stadium. Well, a worthy final resting place for what is arguably the most corrupt but effective trade union leader in American history. The image of Jimmy himself has been repeatedly used in the cinema, which is only worth the phrase "you can wait as long as Hoffa."
Amelia Earhart. Perhaps the most famous disappearance in history is what happened to the 39-year-old pilot and her navigator Fred Noonan. Earhart was a model of the independent woman, she became one of the first female pilots. By 1937, Amelia had already become famous for a number of flights across the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. But her main dream was to carry out a round-the-world flight, thereby proving that soon there would be no borders for aviation. The pilot planned that this would be her last record flight, and it was time to have children. From March to July, more than 22 thousand miles were covered - 80% of the route. On July 2, 1937, Earhart and Noonan took off from Lae on the coast of Papua New Guinea, heading for Howland Island in the Pacific Ocean. This stage was the most difficult, because after a day of flight it was necessary to find a small piece of land in the ocean and land on it. But those who met did not wait for the heroic crew. The easiest way to think is that Earhart got lost and the plane ran out of fuel. The search was unprecedented - the pilot was looking for an aircraft carrier, battleship, 66 aircraft. 220 thousand square miles were examined. A year and a half later, the authorities officially announced the death of Amelia. Today, a single version of what happened to Earhart has not appeared. In addition, the political situation in the region was difficult - the Japanese were hastily building secret facilities. Perhaps the pilot was captured and destroyed as an unwanted witness. With the outbreak of hostilities in 1941, vague evidence emerged that the Japanese were holding a white woman and a man in captivity on one of the islands. Until 1970, versions appeared that the pilot survived and returned to America under an assumed name.