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The activities of drug lords, naturally, are shrouded in mystery. Therefore, the achievements of these people are often unreliable.
It is not surprising that rumors are mainly used to assess the influence of drug lords, often even exaggerated ones. However, even such material is capable of giving an opportunity to evaluate these kings of the "black" market and make the top ten most famous drug lords. Achievements are based on their impact and frequency of press coverage.
Ricky "Freeway" Ross. This businessman trades in the United States, supplying cocaine to the western part of the country. It is known that it was Ross who was the largest distributor of this powder in the 80s. Every day, goods worth $ 3 million were sold, the drug dealer bought up to 400 kilograms of dangerous goods a week. Ross is widely believed to be responsible for the US cocaine epidemic. However, the Ministry of Justice in 1999 categorically denied this statement. It was recognized that the operations were indeed of a large volume, but Ross, like any other person, could hardly be responsible for this social problem. Ross's career ended in 1996 when he was betrayed by his own partner who offered to sell 100 kg of cocaine to an undercover federal agent of the US Drug Enforcement Administration. As a result, today Ricky Ross is in an American prison with no chance of being released.
Paul Lear Alexander or "The Cocaine Baron". Although the main customers of this cocaine supplier are in the United States, it is believed to be located in Brazil. There are many rumors about Alexander. Approve. For example, that he was trained in the Israeli MOSSAD. It is only known for certain that, being the main supplier of cocaine in Brazil, the drug lord fled to the United States, where he became an informant for the Drug Enforcement Administration. At the same time, Alexander did not even think of stopping his own activities, betraying his competitors to the authorities. However, the double play of the cunning man could not last long. The Drug Enforcement Administration did not like the whistleblower's approach. At the moment, Alexander is in a Brazilian prison.
Santiago Luis Polanco Rodriguez or "Yayo". The drug lord himself launched his activities in the United States, but Jamaica and the Dominican Republic were also among his clients. Rodriguez supplied cocaine using more sophisticated methods than conventional ones. The sales schemes included weekly discounts, the use of business cards, a recognizable brand, and the transfer of goods to dealers in glassine envelopes, which are usually used by philatelists. The genius of the drug lord was visible to the naked eye. However, in 1987, a trap set up by the same "Drug Enforcement Administration" worked. But since the detention of Rodriguez was not in any way connected with his main activity, then his stay in the Dominican prison was short-lived. Rodriguez now lives quietly with his family in the Dominican Republic, out of reach of the persecution of the American authorities.
Felix Mitchell, or "Felix the Cat". Another nickname for the businessman was "Gangster 69". He trades in the United States, supplying heroin and cocaine there. Mitchell's gangster turnover is amazing - he became the first drug lord of his kind to pay attention to smart PR. The dealer paid for excursions to the zoo and amusement parks for children and sponsored talented athletes. At 30, Mitchell was very popular in Oakland, where he lived. However, the successful businessman attracted the interest of law enforcement agencies and was arrested in 1985. The court sentenced Felix to life imprisonment, but he spent less than two years in prison, having been stabbed to death on August 21, 1986, not having lived two days before his 32nd birthday. The imprisonment and death of the leader led to a surge in urban crime - there were too many people willing to grab a bigger piece of the criminal inheritance. As a result, people began to be shot from a car, just like in gangster fighters. The funeral of Mitchell itself became a real event for the city. The funeral procession followed in a Rolls Royce through a crowd of thousands. There were huge flower arrangements in the church in the form of a dollar sign and a cat. Curiously, a few years after the death of the drug lord, his convictions were cleared due to technical inaccuracies made during the investigation. From that moment on, the image of Mitchell became even more popular in the criminal environment, he became the hero of gangsta rap songs.
Carlos Leder. Although the drug lord is based in the Bahamas, he regularly supplies cocaine to the United States. It is noted that it was Leder who made two main contributions to the spread of drugs. First, he founded the infamous Medellin drug cartel, which later became one of the most profitable and violent in the history of the business. And secondly, it was Leder who completely changed the drug trafficking scheme. Now they are shipped to America from Colombia via Vietnam. This step helped to significantly increase the volume of supplies, and correspondingly increased profits. It is Leder who is called the father of the cocaine epidemic in the United States in the 70s. After all, then the tool was quite expensive, but the businessman decided to saturate the market as much as possible, gradually increasing the volume of inexpensive drug, making it affordable for the middle class. It was Leder who became the author of the "Free First Dose" promotions. The drug lord had a close friendship with Escobar - after all, he was his brother-in-law and worshiped Hitler, printing a nationalist newspaper with green, "narcotic" paint. Leder ruined megalomania - he turned one of the Bahamas into his own transshipment base, controlling the entire territory. According to some estimates, there were up to 300 kilograms of cocaine per hour. Leder declared a real war on the authorities - only more than a hundred journalists were killed, and thousands of policemen died. For the head of each of them, the criminals were paid a bonus from drug dealers in the amount of $ 4,000. This could not please the authorities, who extradited the US drug lord, where they put him in jail. Leder is serving his prison term in the United States. 135 years were added to his life sentence.
Jose Gonzalo Rodriguez or "Gacha". This Colombian drug lord is a supplier of cocaine not only throughout America (South, North and Central), but also to the Caribbean, to Western Europe, and possibly even to Asia. Rodriguez spent his youth as a contract killer, working for gangsters and drug dealers. Having become rich, Rodriguez was not afraid of public attention to himself. So, in 1988, he even appeared on the Forbes magazine list as one of the richest people in the world. Gacha became famous for his tirelessness, he was constantly looking for new ways to supply drugs across the Mexican-American border. It was thanks to Rodriguez that the brutality of the Cartel's actions increased dramatically. After all, the drug lord even brought foreign experts to Colombia who taught local bandits how best to kill and wage war with the authorities in partisan conditions. In the late 80s, so many orders for murder began to come from directly from Rodriguez that the authorities began a real war with the Medellin drug cartel, as a result, Gacha was killed in 1989 after a clash with the Colombian police.
Griselda Blanco or "Miami's Cocaine Queen". A woman living in the United States has successfully distributed cocaine in that country. For a long time, the cocaine queen was considered invincible. This was accompanied by her ruthlessness, possibly associated with an unbalanced psyche. Among all the drug dealers who collaborated with the Medellin drug cartels, it was Blanco who was one of the most effective. Blanco began her journey in the 60s when her husband, Carlos Trujillo, introduced a woman to Alberto Bravo, a merchant from Medellin. In 1971, the woman already organized her own network. Some sources have estimated her personal fortune at half a billion dollars, and the annual turnover of her empire was estimated at 40 billion. The lady wore fashionable haute couture dresses, smoked crack, but legends say that her greatest entertainment was cold-blooded murders, committed with a special perverse sophistication. They talk about 200 victims of the drug queen. The fact that she killed three of her husbands gave her the nickname "Black Widow". Over time, Blanco became a drug addict, having fun shooting innocent people. Sexual contacts with her took place at gunpoint ... The woman's cruelty and her two-year-old child's murder spurred her search. She was eventually caught by the Drug Enforcement Administration in 1985 and sentenced to 20 years for drug trafficking. Blanco was released in 2004 and immediately deported to Colombia, her homeland, her current whereabouts are unknown.
Hong Sa or "The Opium King". Although the drug lord lived in Burma, the bulk of his opium and heroin flow is in the United States. The history of the formation of Hong Sa began in the 60s, when he, who at that time was one of the military leaders of Burma, disappeared into the jungle along with an entire army of 800 people. The whole group decided to devote themselves to the cultivation of opium. Gradually a whole city arose dedicated to this occupation. After several clashes with the authorities, Hong Sa was captured in 1969, but released in exchange for hostages in 1973. By 1985, an alliance of drug traffickers and rebels led to the fact that the Shan region became virtually autonomous from Burma's authorities. At the height of his fame, Hong Sa was the world's largest heroin trader, producing about 75% of the world's total. The finished product entered the United States via Thailand, and the US government even awarded a $ 3 million reward for Hong Sa. Curiously, in 1989, Hong Sa offered the US authorities to buy 1,000 tons of heroin from him, so that he would not get to international markets. In America, the drug lord was nicknamed the "Prince of Death", but they could not catch him - he voluntarily surrendered to the Burma authorities in 1996, fearing that otherwise they would extradite him to the United States. As a result, Hong Sa lived the rest of his life in excellent conditions under conditional arrest in Rangoon, dying there in 2007.
Amando Carillo Fuentes or "Lord of the Skies". This Mexican became famous for his activities in organizing the drug trade in cocaine in the United States, Argentina. Chile and their home country. Fuentes gained experience in this business while working for Colombians during the cocaine boom. His first successful step in this business was a complete move away from cash. He came up with the idea of taking payment with cocaine, using it to create his own drug distribution network. In the late 80s, the influence of Colombians in this business began to wane, the enterprising Fuentes created his own Juarez Cartel in Mexico, which began to possess significant power - after all, its daily turnover was $ 30 million. This power was facilitated by the fact that Fuentes decided to use the air fleet to distribute cocaine, which gave him the corresponding nickname. The Cartel's fleet had over 700 aircraft flying to Peru, Bolivia and Colombia. At the time of the heyday of the drug lord's affairs, even the highest officials of the Mexican Drug Enforcement Administration entered his payroll. Fuentes' own network was estimated by some estimates at $ 25 billion. Amando's operations could not fail to attract the attention of the authorities to him, rather quickly he became one of the most wanted people in the world. That is why Fuentes resorted to plastic surgery in 1997 to change his appearance. However, the doctors were mistaken, which led to the death of their patient first, and then themselves. They say the surgeons were found walled up in barrels for oil products. Fuentes' business was continued by his brother and son, but the Cartel's power in competitive wars was noticeably weakened.
Pablo Escobar. This drug lord is the most famous of all on this list. While in Colombia, Escobar traded cocaine with North, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Europe and Asia. The drug lord was not the smartest of all, he was not considered an organizer, and there were no brilliant ideas behind him. Escobar's feature was his ruthlessness, which helped him take his place. Pablo grew up among the poor, absorbing the romantic stories of "banditos" who robbed the rich while giving money to the poor. Life in the slums led to the fact that the young man was expelled from school. First, Escobar began to steal gravestones from the cemetery, then created a gang that was engaged in car theft and racketeering. In 1972, when Pablo was only 23 years old, he became one of the most famous crime bosses in Medellin. It was at this time that the cocaine boom in the States broke out and Escobar readily took up a new business. In 1977, he and three other major traders founded the Medellin drug cartel. Escobar was the head of this organization, ruling his empire with ostentatious impunity. Retaliation was carried out against anyone who dared to challenge Escobar, be it a brave journalist or a principled politician. As a result, drug dealers killed 30 judges and more than 400 police officers. There is a known case of undermining by Escobar's militants of the Avianca plane of flight 203, in which the candidate for President of Colombia never appeared. But 107 innocent people became victims. It is believed that more than 300 people were killed on Escobar's orders. At the time of its heyday, the Medellin cartel controlled about 80% of the entire world cocaine market. The annual turnover was estimated at $ 30 billion, and the personal fortune of the drug lord himself, according to Forbes, for 1989 was 9 billion. It should be noted that, wishing to enlist the support of the population, Escobar built houses for the poor, laid roads and even erected stadiums. In the 80s, Pablo began his political activities, however, realizing that outside Medellin he was just a "dubious person", unleashed a new wave of terror. Naturally, Escobar was hunted down. Fearing his extradition to the United States, he entered into an agreement with the Colombian authorities, according to which he surrendered in 1991, and had to serve his sentence in the most comfortable prison. However, this did not change anything - Escobar went to nightclubs and stadiums, continued to conduct his business. As a result, the authorities decided to transfer the criminal to a real prison, it is not surprising that soon the drug lord escaped altogether. In Colombia, even a special group of citizens affected by Escobar has emerged. They began to persecute and destroy everyone who was in one way or another connected with him. Escobar's estates and houses were burned down, his power melted, and in 1993 the cartel also collapsed. A real hunt unfolded on Escobar, the result of which was his mortal wound on December 2, 1993, after a joint operation by Colombian and American special forces. Pablo gave a call to his wife - he had not seen the family for over a year. There are many legends about Escobar. In Medellin itself, he remained a revered man. They say that it was not Pablo himself who was killed, but his double. Another beautiful story shows that after being in the mountains with children at night, Escobar burned about $ 2 million in cash to keep warm.