The most extreme sports

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Segway polo. It seems to many that horse polo is a sport of aristocrats that has long been outdated. People have always tried to play polo not only on horses, but also on bicycles, as well as camels and elephants (just imagine the size of the club in that case!). But today, the most viable form of playing on segways - two-wheeled electric scooters. This type of transport is very popular in the United States, it is driven by one of the founders of Apple Steve Wozniak, is seen in love with segways and Victor Miller, the scriptwriter of the movie "Friday the 13th". The advantage of Segways is their small size - they are half the size of a bicycle. It is worth noting the simplicity of control - you just need to bend in the right direction and the scooter turns where necessary. You can ride Segways on any level surface. As a result, this type of transport became very convenient for polo, completely replacing the horse. True, the rules of the game are not very consistent with the traditions of real polo. The goal, however, remained the same. Players are divided into two teams and must score as many goals as possible with their hammer clubs in the allotted time. The main pleasure of segway polo is that an electric device, in principle, cannot accelerate faster than 20 km / h, as a result, it is impossible to get ahead of the competitor due to its superiority in speed. In such a game, maneuverability comes to the fore, the ability to control your body and transport, and perform semi-acrobatic tricks with a stick in your hands. At the same time, real players must have an excellent vestibular apparatus. In Russia, this game appeared not even yesterday, but literally today. There are only a few segway rental points in the country, and a few amateurs drive around Vorobyovy Gory. Nobody has ever dealt with the organization of polo on segway.

Parkour. Parkour is often called the art of moving and overcoming various obstacles. Moreover, the word "art" is absolutely appropriate here. Parkour can hardly be considered a sport, because there is no element of competition. However, this activity is not even simple charging - it is too difficult. Parkour cannot be considered a philosophy either, because it is already too simple for that. The closeness to art is ensured by constant improvisation and the beauty of movement. The point of this lesson is to navigate an obstacle course not previously agreed upon. These can be stairs and walls, pillars and other elements of urban architecture. Parkour lovers, or tracers, in the course of their movement can run up a steep wall, jump from the roof of one house to another at a considerable height and even jump into garbage containers. The best element of parkour is a blind jump, when the tracer does not see his landing point in advance. It is important that the performed stunts are performed by no means for the sake of the show. The main ideologist of modern parkour, Frenchman David Belle, fundamentally denies flips, handstands and other spectacular techniques from the arsenal of stuntmen, performed unnecessarily. The main principle of parkour is that you cannot move back. Usually they come to parkour without finding a decent sport for themselves, but over time it turns out that jumping and jogging is based on its own philosophy. It would seem that the tracer is simply performing a set of elements necessary for the best course of the track. In fact, he creates by improvising in his movement. The first amateur videos of parkour appeared in the 90s, where David Belle jumped from a height of ten meters, making a soft landing due to a shock-absorbing somersault. The Frenchman showed how you can slide on one leg along the railing and pull yourself up on one arm. Cassettes were very popular - people did not so much look at the miracles of dexterity as they learned freedom. Today parkour video has become an integral part of modern culture. The British BBC even filmed the documentary "Jump London", in which real tracers in their arms moved along the boom of a huge crane and jumped from the masts of a warship to its deck. Several years later, cult director Luc Besson created the film Yamakashi, which greatly promoted the popularity of parkour in the world. In the film, a gang of tracers saved the boy's life, conquering the skyscrapers of Paris along the way. Later, the film "13th District" appeared, which also pays a lot of attention to parkour. The significance of this sport is also evident in the appearance of the legendary Sebastien Foucan in the Bond film Casino Royale. This popularization inevitably led to the worldwide spread of parkour. Initially, the most famous and skillful were the English and French teams - Parkour Generations, Urban Free Flow and Majestic Force. But today Russian teams, for example, ParkourSochi and RFA, are among the influential teams. But David Belle himself opposes the excessive commercialization of his brainchild and does not want to create hype and PR around it. He believes that this lesson does not require explanation, only practice is important here. That is why Belle refused to star in Hollywood's "Spiderman". Although David dreamed of wearing a Spider-Man costume as a child, now he dreams of performing under his own name. Although today parkour is like a sport and comes with an accompanying philosophy, it is still great entertainment, especially for those who prefer to unburden their heads from complex thoughts. Tracers go out into the street and just run, then uploading more and more videos about their jumps, flights and falls on YouTube. Parkour is an ingenuous occupation that does not at all pretend to become someone the meaning of life. But, nevertheless, sometimes he succeeds.

Paragliding. This sport is also called paragliding. This form of flight is the simplest of all available to man. Indeed, in this case, you just need to find a large hill, scatter and jump from it. In flight, you should control only your own body and a parachute wing. Flying due to the ascending air currents can lift the athlete to an impressive height. The world record was 4526 meters above sea level. Sliding off such streams, you can go down in free fall, enjoying an amazing view from above. For themselves, paragliders have chosen the most picturesque places, usually mountains by the sea. That is why all the main records of this sport are set precisely against the backdrop of amazing natural landscapes. Thus, Neville Ulett was able to fly 502 kilometers in a straight line over the canyons, lakes and diamond mines of South Africa. Rafael Saladini was able to soar over the Amazon rainforest by jumping from a 500-meter waterfall. Paragliding is also very affordable. All the equipment for the flight can easily fit into a small backpack, which can be placed either in the trunk of a car, or carried as hand luggage on an airplane, or simply put on your shoulders. In addition to the aforementioned parachute wing, it is recommended to acquire a helmet, you will need ropes with carabiners and various devices. Altimeter, variometer and other gadgets will be able to report the ascent height, descent speed and other relevant data. Paragliding could well become an excellent sport for singles, because it is here that a person can be alone for a long time. However, its affordability has made entertainment an object of collective interest. Russian paragliders usually choose Crimea for their activities. An excellent club with its own rich history is located near Koktebel. Paragliding is also practiced in the Caucasus, near Pyatigorsk. There are amateurs who train even in Krylatskoye or Kavgolovo near St. Petersburg.

Snowboarding. The world of sports is full of stories of how an unknown challenger unexpectedly became a champion, but with a whole sport, such a case is rare. The embodiment of such a "Cinderella" story was the history of the development and popularization of snowboarding, which happened in the second half of the XX century. Today this extreme sport has become the most popular and one of the most spectacular. As with any success story, it has its own legend. Once an engineer from Michigan Sherman Poppen made one of two pairs of skis, more maneuverable and stable. The skier's wife nicknamed this construction "snurfer" as a derivative of "snow" and "surfer". She probably would not be surprised to learn that such a term would not take root among the masses. But the news that her husband could sell a million of these boards in the next ten years would surely shock the woman. As a result, the new sport has become the fastest growing not only in the United States, but throughout the world. If in 1965 only 3 people knew about snowboarding, then by the beginning of the third millennium 7 million people were already doing it. According to Americans, all great minds think similarly. This is what happened with the invention of snowboarding. Ideas for the use and improvement of the new sport entered the heads of several entrepreneurs at the same time, which gave rise to subsequent popularity. So, surfer Dimitri Milovich proposed to descend from the snowy hills on a board that only remotely resembled a surf, but at the same time had a special edging. Former skier Jake Burton has developed leg bindings and a host of improvements. Skater Tom Sims was able to adapt some tricks for snowboarding, and architect Mark Anolik built the world's first half-pipe near Lake Tahoe - a U-shaped ramp for skiing. The collective efforts of several people allowed the new sport to develop rapidly. But to understand the essence of snowboarding, you need to plunge into the world of ski-snowboard opposition. In the late 70s, the snowy slopes were filled with young and relaxed snowboarders, which led to a negative reaction from ossified skiers. There was even a whole aesthetic conflict, because the new athletes wore long hair, their clothes were carelessly baggy, and their riding style was rather aggressive. Such a picture did not fit with the image of a family or bohemian vacation in a ski resort. So it turned out that snowboarders rode along with skiers on the same slope only in 1982, while the prestigious American resort of Aspen generally prohibited athletes with boards from appearing on their territories until 2001. But the popularity of snowboarding changed everything - already in 2002, Aspen's owners signed a seven-year contract with ESPN to host the Extreme Winter Games here. Now the conflict remains only in the minds of the most conservative skiers, and Burton Snowboards, founded by the same Jake Burton, even offers $ 5,000 for entertainment to every snowboarder who will demonstrate a video of riding the slopes of the most stubborn ski resorts. Although it is not easy, the status of a professional sport has also come to snowboarding. After all, the fun of the Americans took root in Europe only in the 80s, and until that moment there was no point in holding competitions between athletes from different continents - the Americans got ahead. But the rapid pace of development of this sport improved the results of Europeans, as a result, in 1994, snowboarding made its debut at the Winter Olympics. However, 4 years later, at the competition in Nagano, there was almost a step back - Canadian Ross Rebalyatti, who won gold in slalom, was convicted of using marijuana. The legend about how Ross just breathed a cloud of smoke at a party helped. However, this story still delineated the border between extreme and traditional sports. But it was only thanks to the efforts of Sean White, a super sportsman and two-time Olympic champion, that there was a revision of the attitude towards snowboarding. Nicknamed "The Flying Tomato", Sean was able to make snowboarders respect not only for their fearlessness and relaxation, but also for their rare performance, which distinguishes a professional from an amateur. Today snowboarding offers more possibilities than before. After all, in this way you can go through social identification, and you can pave the way to big sports. Russia was able to successfully integrate into the world snowboarding community - we create artificial slopes, sell all the necessary equipment. Kamchatka, on the other hand, has become a cult place for descents, even by world standards. Investing your own labor will allow you to fulfill the dream of Sean White, becoming a real legend.

Unicycle hockey. Traditional ice hockey is a very serious game. Let it be a show anyway, but real men come to the stage, so there is simply no place for humor. But there were some fans to turn such a game full of testosterone into a circus. You just need to take off the hockey players' uniforms and transfer them to unicycle. In this version of hockey, there are no forwarding and offsides, power techniques are prohibited here, as are fights. However, it does not lose in entertainment, because it is so interesting to see how players can manage with a wheel equipped with only a saddle and two pedals. As a result, such movements become so interesting that even the meaning of watching the ball disappears. In hockey on a wheel, it is even more important to be able to handle a vehicle than to wield a stick on the floor. And a skillful turn will cause applause no less than a successful throw. As a result, one-wheeled hockey also wins in efficiency, even if there are not 5, but only 4 field players on the court. After all, the goalkeeper is not given the usual heavy ammunition - he, like everyone else, rides on a wheel, but only along the goal line. In his hands he has an ordinary stick, without a trap, which increases the players' chances of a goal. There can be no question of any intelligible tactics. After all, the main role is played by the ability to stand on the wheel, which is impossible in one specific place. The game loses any linearity of development, but it acquires a fair amount of positiveness. Hockey has never been so much fun. It is quite easy to feel this yourself - you need to buy or rent a unicycle, find a club that was forgotten and get a tennis ball.

Kitesurfing. Of all the sports that have arisen at the intersection of water and air, this one is perhaps the most difficult. It takes a kite, a surfer's board, wind and waves to do it. But only here in the air is there a more professional device called a kite. As a result of his movement, the kitesurfer can not only glide over the waves, but also fly into the sky. Here, not only the beauty of the shown trick is appreciated, but also the distance of the jump from the wave. Kitesurfing seems to be quite a modern extreme entertainment, because kites were habitually used for other purposes. However, in fact, something similar was practiced in China in the distant XIII century. There the boats glided over the waves thanks to the sails tied to them with ropes - essentially the same kites. Today, the "board-kite" link has undergone certain technical changes. The real breakthrough for kitesurfing was the arrival of advertisers here who liked the idea of ​​placing their advertising slogans on kites. Over the past 20-30 years, the number of brave youth ready to challenge the wind and waves has increased twentyfold.Today kitesurfers can be seen not only in the warm waters of Hawaii, Florida and California, but all over the world, including the Gulf of Finland. Some of the tricks that athletes demonstrate here came from skateboarding (rotation, grip, and others). Nothing prevents you from mastering them on land. True, the trick on the water will become noticeably more complicated, because the base will be rather unstable, and the kite will pull the board with strong jerks. As a result, even a normal landing jump can seem like a daunting challenge. However, the basics of kitesurfing can be learned quite quickly, in 2-3 weeks. After that, all that remains is to strive towards the records. For example, take a French ride 200 kilometers long along the Cote d'Azur at an average speed of 38 km / h. The absolute speed record in this sport is about 90 km / h, this border is especially proud of kitesurfers - previously only boats and windsurfers could move so fast. There is even a national championship in this sport in Russia. Its stages are held in Rostov-on-Don, Petersburg and the Black Sea coast. There are visiting sessions in Egypt and Turkey. Usually it is on vacation that kitesurfing takes place. But it may turn out that the first experience will be so delayed that one vacation per year will be insultingly small.

Bungee jumping. For a long time, a person tried to feel the feeling of flight, with maximum impunity at the same time. Eventually, bungee jumping appeared, which is a jump from a height on a bungee rope. Now, for the unique feeling of seconds of free fall, rocks, towers and bridges can be used - all those objects that previously served only as points of view. Today, such a prospect attracts them no less than just a beautiful view. It all started in the late 80s. when a few brave Englishmen began to tie themselves with elastic and reliable harnesses to various heights and jump down. Both balloons and cranes were good for them, not to mention bridges. The adrenaline pleasure from the feeling of free fall lasted only 2-3 seconds, then the rope pulled the athlete up, then releasing it back. The police immediately considered such an activity unsafe and arrested its organizers. However, soon the American show "It's Impossible" appeared on the screens, where it was shown how three people jumped down from the Golden Gate Bridge from a height of 200 meters. Naturally, they were tied with ropes, but after that bungee jumping itself was recognized as a legal entertainment. And why was it banned? After all, it took little to jump safely from any height. It was necessary to calculate the overload force during shock absorption and check the reliability of the rope fastenings. Today, anyone, even without having undergone serious cosmonaut training, can get up to 6 seconds of free fall, while developing a speed of up to 100 km / h and slowing down smoothly. With the relative safety of such a sport, the main interest for an amateur will be the search for the most picturesque area in order to soon dive upside down from there. The most common practice is to jump off bridges. The fact is that the water below is not as frightening as just stones or earth. And on low towers in general, you can arrange a partial dip in a pond, which will add even more extreme. Everyone chooses the difficulty of the jump for himself. It can be super extreme, like from the Niuk cable bridge in the Alps, located at an altitude of 193 meters, or it can be quite fearless even for a beginner, like from the Moscow viaduct near the Yaroslavl highway or not far from the Volen ski resort near Moscow. In general, there are no obstacles for jumpers in making their jumps. These can be ski jumps and medieval castles, rocky cliffs and TV towers, high bridges and even waterfalls. The most daring bungee jump is considered to be held in China by Australian A.J. Hackett. A well-known activist of the sport jumped from the Macau TV Tower from a height of 233 meters. You can also effectively jump off the Swiss dam of Vercasca, 220 meters high. This stunt even made it into the Bond episode, when a super spy jumped from a dam, according to the script actually located in Russia. But the most spectacular jumps are carried out by the innovator of bungee. Frenchman Thierry Deveaux, who improved the harness attachment so that he could also perform tricks in flight - saltos, deflections and revolutions. Deveaux became famous for his series of six jumps from the Eiffel Tower, one of which was performed in pink tights. Thierry also built a personal bridge for himself especially for his hobbies. However, the tradition of building personal jump structures for oneself is not new, it all began with the very A.J. Hackett, who built a whole bungee tower for himself in Australia, after which he equipped a place for fans like him on the beautiful Kawarau Bridge in New Zealand. Today, places like this are popping up everywhere, so you don't have to fly to the other side of the world to make the bold jump upside down.

Rollerblading. Winter skating has had a harmless alternative for a long time - roller skates. With the development of extreme sports, roller skates have become a real tool for performing crazy stunts that are in no way inferior to BMX or skateboarding. The current aggressive ice skating is called roller blading. You can meet people doing this activity on the street or in a modern roller park. It is there that there is a special ramp - halfpipe, which looks like a cut off half of the tube. In such a device, rollers train their spins, jumps and grabs - backs, flips and horns. The same elements are found in skateboarding and snowboarding. In this sport, skating is generally completely based on acrobatics, taking into account the knowledge of the principles of mechanics. This is necessary, for example, to perform a wall flip, a complex and beautiful jump with a push off the wall and further rotation by 360 degrees. Rollerparks are being built everywhere today, and getting there is easy. Only now you will have to withstand competition with skaters who are also not averse to using the structure for their training. Street skating is generally more improvisational. Here acrobatic elements are largely performed in arbitrary conditions. You can slide on the railing, you can flip with a grab through the road fence, and after speeding up try to jump onto the ramp along the sidewalk. A special luck for a street roller will be getting into an empty car park, where there will be many curbs, railings and stairs. Although it is believed that a real roller should be able to turn any part of the city into a polygon for itself.

Florentine football. When people start playing football without rules, it only adds to the entertainment. The most ancient varieties of this game are just that different. Calcio Fiorentino, or Florentine football, is full of adrenaline, sweat, tears and even blood. Some even believe that this is the most masculine game in the world, because against its background both rugby and hockey look quite restrained and subject to rules. However, there are still some rules here. Since the 16th century, a rectangle of 100 by 50 meters has been formed on Piazza Santa Croce in the center of Florence, it is covered with sand and two teams of 7 people are allowed in there. The men were by then stripped to the waist and rather furious. Kicking each other in the head is prohibited, as are dastardly tricks. They throw a soccer ball into the crowd and see if it will be of interest to anyone at all during 50 minutes of playing time. Although the name of such fun is associated with football, it is extremely rare here. Much more martial arts mixed in one heap. And the ball must be thrown into the basket a meter above the ground, which, of course, is most convenient to do with your hands. The score is usually opened only at the end of the match, until that time the opponents are trying to figure out who is stronger. The teams converge literally wall to wall, not letting go until they beat each other well. The spectacle is so popular that the whole city comes to see it. In theory, anyone can participate in such a game; even those who are not supposed to do so by their status are eager. So, several centuries ago, according to rumors, the Pope also participated in the fun. Historically, there were four teams - red, white, blue and green. They represented 4 historic city blocks. There was a period when the game exceeded the norms of cruelty, the teams began to recruit boxers and wrestlers, and there were also enough former criminals. As a result, the game became much more bloodthirsty - there were numerous fractures of the limbs, and loss of consciousness. All this simply scared off the audience. So the only rule change in the history of the game that stopped beating came to Florentine football. Violence has left sport for the sake of violence, and to make the matches look with the proper surroundings, a grand parade is held in front of them. Every third week of June, participants don their traditional costumes, passing in front of townspeople and tourists. Although it is almost impossible to take a direct part in the game, it is quite possible to become a close eyewitness of the entire ceremony and the subsequent match.

Race against a horse. Once in Wales, a local farmer, Gordon Green, in a pub heard an interesting story about a man talking about his ability to overtake a horse when running a long distance. At this point, Green had already become interested in non-traditional sports. So, it was he who became the organizers of the swim in the swamp with fins and with a snorkel. The organization of the competition between man and horse became only a matter of time. The first marathon took place in 1980. Man and animal had to overcome 35 kilometers over hilly terrain. Then the horse won with a big advantage, but it was not surprising for England that one-time fun was transformed into a tradition and even a sport. People were against the total physical superiority of the horse and began to come up with different tricks for themselves. So, in 1985, cyclists took part in the competition, one of whom lost only a little to the animal. Four years later, the wheels were still able to outrun the horses. However, the original design of the race did not go away, and every year the prize pool for the winner-runner grew and grew. In 2001, a man was the first to finish, but he was a member of a three-man relay team, and the prize remained unplayed. But a historical event did happen, albeit after a quarter of a century of unsuccessful attempts. In 2005, the lean marathon runner Kyu Lobb was able to overtake the horse by a full two and a half minutes. The brave runner was awarded 31 thousand pounds. Two years later, the result was repeated by the German Florian Holzinger. Do you think that the victory of a man over a horse is impossible in principle? Let's make some reservations regarding the rules of the competition. The marathon is attended by 40 people and only 10 horses. It is clear that animals interfere with each other more than people. In addition, a person can apply a collective strategy. Horses are released 15 minutes after the start of people, besides, animals are often stopped for veterinary checks, which takes another 5-6 minutes from them. As a result, professional marathon runners who are able to maintain a high pace of running over a long distance still have small chances to take the main prize. The prize pool is formed from the impressive contributions of the riders and much lower for the runners. Thus, almost anyone can take part in the race, although with a high probability the contribution will still remain in the piggy bank, increasing the jackpot and in anticipation of a hardy winner.

Frisbee. This hobby is better known to us as playing with a flying saucer. This primitive and simple occupation, nevertheless, was invented for almost a century on the way to the current form. A special disc was used for shooting exercises as early as the 19th century, and a patent for a flying sports object was registered only in the middle of the 20th century by American Walter Morrison. According to legend, the idea of ​​the flying saucer came to the man when in the late 1930s he threw himself with his fiancée Lou on a California beach, either with a baking dish or with a popcorn can. The neighbors liked the flying object so much that they offered 25 cents for it and Fred realized that it was possible to do business on the distribution of such things. During the war, Morrison flew airplanes, which allowed him to study aerodynamics well. Upon returning home, an investor was quickly found, and in 1948 the first model of a "flying saucer" made of plastic was born. The object got its name because of the craze and interest in UFOs. As befits an invention with a frivolous appearance, the first experiment was unsuccessful. The disc attracted interest, but it was not enough to bring tangible profits. Fortunately for the frisbee, its creator turned out to be a real enthusiast, realizing that this is precisely his life's work. Morrison spent several years on bringing his invention to a better form. In 1957, he sold the rights to his invention to Wham-O, which gave the disc the name "Frisbee". This is how the students, who were keen on new fun, called the plates. They in turn gave this name, since a similar lift was demonstrated by the Frisbie Pie Company tin pie trays. The surge of interest in frisbee made Morrison a millionaire. Wham-O's head of marketing, Ed Hedrick, took over from him to promote the fun. Thanks to him, "flying saucers" received the attractive design and aerodynamic characteristics that we see today. So beach fun gradually became a participant in a whole scattering of games. Hedrick even managed to found the International Frisbee Association, and after Ed's death, his ashes were scattered over several commemorative discs and given to relatives and friends. Today, the frisbee family includes more than a dozen independent games in which a flying disc is the main character. At the same time, a healthy and exciting alternative to the traditional application was found, in which the plate is simply thrown from hand to hand. So, you can play disc golf. The clubs are replaced here by hands, and the holes are occupied by baskets, and instead of balls, plates are used. The dog-frisbee is very popular, in which four-legged pets - dogs are also connected to the game. Designers have specially developed models that glow in the dark. In addition, there is a lot of fun with frisbee, which are associated with the phonetic similarity of the particles "fri" and "free" (free) - freeski, freestyle, freaket. But the ultimate frisbee is considered the most perfect form of flying saucer games. This dynamic and entertaining team game has been around for over 30 years and has even been noticed by the IOC. World championships in this sport are also held. In Ultimate, which is unusual, there are no judges at all. After all, violations of the rules, including in favor of the opponent, are recorded by the players themselves. The fundamental principle of such an activity is the famous game spirit, while in this case it is not at all an abstraction. In Russia, the popularity of frisbee is still small, it boils down to beaches open for dogs, and musical open-airs. However, the Russians made their debut at the World Ultimate Championship more than 10 years ago, and local tournaments are held not only in Moscow, but also in St. Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Moreover, you can play all year round. Domestic enthusiasts really did not agree among themselves how to write this term correctly - through "z" or "s". So you can find both spellings, but is it that important?

Zorb. After a long time practicing any kind of sport, a feeling of control over the situation comes.But there are situations when it is almost impossible to adapt to the surrounding conditions. This happens, for example, when going down the side of a mountain inside a huge transparent ball. Such entertainment, zorb, seems to have been specially invented so that extreme impressions always remain so. The Zorb was developed in the late 90s by two young New Zealanders. Then the means for moving along the ocean were developed, the idea of ​​a large plastic ball appeared, inside which there was another one with a passenger inside. This idea became a reflection of people's interest in walking on the surface of the water. The inner ball made it possible for a person to maintain balance inside the zorb, and the outer shell protected it from direct contact with the surface. The balls were made of PVC, while the seams were connected using special electric welding. It turned out that the zorb is an excellent tool for descending or rolling down hills, including snowy ones, you can also do something like swimming. Usually, moving inside a zorb is compared to being inside a washing machine, the passenger can feel what he could feel the laundry in a spinning drum. Since the inner shell does not rotate as fast as the outer one, a person makes a full revolution inside the ball for 9 meters of path. The speed of a zorb directly depends both on the movements of the passenger and on the slope and even on the method of attachment. But be that as it may, the ball will not be able to accelerate faster than 50 km / h, which is comparable to cycling downhill. Only the risk in this case is much less.

Underwater rugby. Ball games have exciting dynamics. However, only in this kind of sport can players move freely in three dimensions. Underwater rugby is ultimately a highly organized but hustle in a ball pool. There is salt water inside the ball, a strong throw sends it only 3 meters and according to the rules it cannot appear on the surface. The players are wearing masked fins or goggles, their goal is to throw the ball into a hole 40 centimeters in diameter. The author of the underwater entertainment was perhaps the healthiest nation in Europe - the Germans. The first type of game resembled volleyball, there was a net inside the pool. But then the players were finally identified under the water. In this sport, for a successful performance, players have to develop several skills at once. You need to be able to move quickly and maneuver under water, be strong to fight for the ball and be able to hold your breath for a long time. You also need to get used to difficult tactics, which, in addition to the usual back and forth, left and right, also involves moving up and down. In underwater rugby, as well as in ordinary rugby, the players are clearly divided according to their roles. In this variation, team roles can be shared between men and women. While some push the opponent with brute force and make breakthroughs at depth, others are engaged in blocking and fight closer to the surface. It should be noted that this kind of sport is quite tiring and exhausting, therefore, in addition to the 6 base players, there are as many substitutes. Although organizing underwater rugby is not easy, it is easy to get started with the right equipment. Moreover, each of us in his youth tried to take the ball away from a friend in the water, using some kind of wrestling technique.

Race 24 Hours of Le Mans. This auto race is not only the most popular and prestigious endurance race on the planet, it is also the oldest. The start and the finish line are exactly 24 hours apart, while the word survival is absolutely applicable to Le Mans here - the famous track has already become the place of death of 21 riders. However, such extreme conditions have not deterred the many who want to participate in the race for over 90 years. There is even an opinion that Formula 1 is the face of motorsport, but the 24 Hours of Le Mans is the heart of this sport. This race was originally an annual event specially designed for leading manufacturers. If in other types of auto racing speed was appreciated, then in Le Mans the ability to evenly distribute this parameter, as well as one's own strength, comes to the fore. Traditionally, the favorites here were not the fastest cars, but the most reliable (with optimal fuel consumption). Accordingly, the success in this race significantly influenced the interest in successful car brands from the common people. The Le Mans de la Sarthe circuit includes, in addition to specially built sections, public roads. The first start took place in 1923, when the lap length in the race was more than 17 kilometers. A number of improvements, mainly for safety reasons, have reduced the circle to the current 13.63 km. The most famous section of the route is the long straight Mulsand; in the 80s, individual cars here accelerated to 400 km / h. However, in the next decade, additional turns were made here to cool the ardor of the fastest. Safety concerns are more acute for race organizers than for others. Moreover, it was here that the largest disaster in the history of motorsport happened. In 1955, Frenchman Pierre Levege's Mercedes drove into the podium. The burning debris set a fire there, as a result, not only the driver died, but also 82 spectators. This led to a ban on motorsport in Switzerland, and Mercedes retired from racing for a long 30 years. Levezh had already become famous before. After falling asleep by the 23rd hour of the race two years earlier, there was a rule according to which the car could declare two pilots. In the late 80s, their number increased to 3 people, and the time of continuous driving by one rider was reduced to 4 hours. Today, the 24 Hours of Le Mans race is the most difficult event that meets the numerous rules and laws of both the state and the race. Here pilots are forced to take into account changes in the weather, as well as the presence on the track of cars of different classes and categories (now there are four of them), differing in speed and driving style. The best observance of all the nuances of the race is given traditionally to the Germans. The greatest number of victories - 16, with "Porsche", and the last 10 years have passed under the sign of the total superiority of "Audi". The maximum distance of 5335 km was covered here by Porsche pilots in 1971, while the average speed was 222.2 km / h. It should be noted that overcoming the mark of 200 km / h is a common thing here, despite the two dozen pit stops required to replace drivers, refuel, minor repairs and replace tires. During the entire race, which was prevented only by the Second World War, the "24 Hours of Le Mans" acquired many traditions. The most important thing - a shower of champagne over the winner, went far beyond this competition. Films were shot about this race, the most famous starring Steve McQueen, video games were written and comics were drawn. In 2010, the most stellar race in history was supposed to take place, but the joint application of the legend of "Formula 1" Jean Alesi and the king of motor racing Valentino Rossi did not pass, and the former champion of "Formula" Nigel Mansell got into an accident at the very start. The debut of the Russians here took place back in 2004. Then Alexey Vasiliev, Nikolai Fomenko and Englishman Robert Nirn took part in the YUKOS-Freisinger team. The team lasted only five hours on the track, at the moment of leaving the wheel it turned out, which is remarkable, a foreign citizen Nirn. But the failure did not break the athletes. Musician and showman Nikolai Fomenko admitted that his life's dream came true by participating in the race. Interest in Le Mans continues, and the heart of motorsport continues to beat and live with vigor.

Wakeboarding. An old-fashioned, as it now seems, hobby for skiing gave impetus to another extreme sport. Wakeboarders, unlike ordinary skiers, ride on the water surface behind the boat. Along the way, athletes perform a number of acrobatic stunts that came here from surfing and snowboarding. The fundamental difference between wakeboarding is the fact that here a person is drawn forward by a force that is in no way beyond his control. Therefore, it would be foolish not to use it to its fullest. The prototype for the wakeboard was the scurfer, and the snerfer was the prototype of the snowboard. Devices for skiing on water are two skis connected into one. Improvement of the wakeboard has led to the emergence of a more flexible and light board, which makes it possible to accelerate to 30-40 km / h and take off at the same time to a height of 6 meters, pushing off the water surface. To create more powerful and higher waves, professionals attach an additional weight to the board - ballast. Also, a kicker is often located in the water - a mini-tramline, which allows you to increase the amplitude of the jump and thereby perform a greater number of tricks in flight. As in other similar sports, grabs and ordinary jumps are the most popular here. But there is a wide variety of techniques in wakeboarding. So, on a snowboard or skateboard, you cannot perform a tantrum jump perpendicular to the direction of travel. This is only possible on water. There is also additional interest in the ability to grip the handle of the cable that comes from the boat. This gives about a dozen more extra elements for any trick. Apart from everything else, wakeboarding is quite harmonious in terms of fitness. Thanks to this sport, almost all muscle groups develop evenly. Unsurprisingly, about a quarter of wakeboarders in the United States are women. Their active participation in this sport has led to the expansion of the product line and the development of numerous accessories. All this confirms wakeboarding as one of the fastest growing extreme sports.

Skateboarding. This extreme sport is already about fifty years old and its entire history is in keeping with its spirit. Skateboarding has experienced ups and downs, but still remains the main, perhaps, the hallmark of extreme sports. Despite all the social, economic and technical metamorphoses of society and this sport, skateboarding remains a young hobby for young people. Although the main stars are well over 40, 85% of athletes have not yet reached 18 and we know that skateboarding originated in California. There it was allegedly invented by local surfers in one of their off-seasons, when the boredom on the crests of the wave became especially unbearable. One can hardly blame skaters or surfers for their dislike of the annals, so the first pages of history are full of gaps. Only the date of the appearance of the first board with wheels in the official retail is precisely recorded - it happened in 1959. This novelty immediately fell in love with American teenagers, who, with the help of skateboards, replaced their annoying school buses. The first professional skateboard hit the market in 1963. There was no furore then, but the reaction of society can be called a mini-boom. The board makers immediately started putting together their own teams and organizing competitions. The most important of them were even broadcast on television. The simple opportunity to ride on hands and jump from curbs so fascinated many that even a specialized magazine about this sport appeared. Makaha alone has sold over 50 million skateboards in three years. But the wave was inevitably followed by a significant decline. Skateboarding came out of the shadows only in the mid-70s, when manufacturers made some technical improvements and the first skate parks were opened. Year after year, new meadows were developed, even the pools that were abandoned due to the economic crisis were used. Thanks to the new skate models, it has become easier to perform some tricks. And then a key moment in the history of skateboarding happened - the invention of the ollie. This basic trick, in which the jump can be performed without using the hands, was first performed in 1979 by Alan "Ollie" Gelfand. The jump was immediately adapted to the flat surface by Rodney Mullen, who came up with the idea of ​​bending the ends of the deck. Rodney is generally a living legend of skateboarding, who invented many more tricks, in particular kickflip, which became the progenitor of all other flips. During this jump, the board rotated 360 degrees. It was Mulln who led the skaters from civil radii to the street, giving them much more freedom. At the end of the 80s, the next revival of skateboarding took place, because the largest clothing manufacturers showed interest in it. In addition, the sport has already diversified significantly with the help of Mullen and his followers, who have brought numerous flips and allies. Skateboarding today is a true street sport that has been immortalized by TV shows, games and movies. This sport gave rise to a new youth trend, a musical style, even a holiday of its own appeared in the calendar. Yes, and it is still not worth considering it dangerously extreme, experienced skateboarders unanimously believe that with sufficient experience and self-confidence, there is no more risk in working with the board than in football or basketball. This sport is popular in Russia as well. The main metropolitan spots are traditionally considered the Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill and Novy Arbat, and in St. Petersburg this is the area near the Moskovskaya metro station. Although domestic skateboarders still lack experience, they certainly deserve respect. After all, our guys ride in the winter, which the Californians with their warm climate simply cannot understand.

Rafting. As a matter of fact, rafting down the river on an inflatable boat without a frame can only have one real goal - to get those very extreme sensations that are possible only here. How can this compare to a multi-day kayaking trip on calm waters? Rafting opportunities are great - even untrained people can be loaded into a boat and sent to storm rapids and rapids. At the same time, you can be sure that people will be satisfied. When organizing a raft descent, it is necessary to clearly define the complexity category of the planned route. The river of the first category is considered the lightest, almost a child can raft along it. Such an aquatic environment is just a stream fast enough to move through it. Stones, rapids and rapids appear already in the second and third categories, in order to get around obstacles here you cannot do without certain skills in using oars. In the fourth and fifth categories, obstacles become much more dangerous, and the sixth category is simply not suitable for rafting. When doing rafting, progress is not only about moving from simpler categories to more complex ones, there are other landmarks. The most interesting activity during the rafting is rafting. So, if, during the passage of the whirlpool, the passengers all together make a strong paddle with the oars, then they will be able to fly over the funnels and avoid the influence of centrifugal force. On some parts of the route, sometimes you have to tilt the raft to the side in order to pass the rapids sideways or even put your boat almost vertically. You can get special pleasure here by speeding up from a small threshold or even a small waterfall to splash down on a smooth stretch of water. Rafters learn not only how to maneuver, in case of an overturn of their raft, they also learn how to quickly restore their previous position. Either a rope stretched along the raft, or an improvised counterweight, can help here. If the route has a low category of difficulty, then coups can be as enjoyable as passing obstacles. Naturally, in no case should you forget to put on a safety helmet.

Mountain bike. Such an imposing bike is not able to overcome the Tour de France, and even on a country road it will be difficult to ride it. After all, mountain biking requires serious obstacles, rough terrain with many winding paths, mud and sharp turns.Riding such a bike requires a strong character from the owner, as well as some frenzy in his head. The cyclist's head is covered with a helmet, his hands are clad in gloves and firmly gripped by the steering wheel, while his legs are tightly joined to the spikes on the pedals. The mountain bike has a special, reinforced design. The frame here has a characteristic trapezoid shape. Both suspensions, front and rear, are equipped with shock absorbers. The ground clearance is also increased for improved cross-country ability. The tires are impressively thick and have a rough tread. Mountain bikes have similarities to cars - they also have a gearshift and disc brakes, although there are models with conventional rims. After repeatedly moving the bike on yourself, you can no longer go to the gym - after all, the frame with the accompanying ammunition weighs about 20 kg. In general, mountain biking is quite expensive. Bike prices start at € 300 and top ceiling is € 15,000. Professional athletes are rarely alone in this sport - they are backed by either sponsors or financially successful structures. There are few skills of the athlete himself, his qualities and skills. In many ways, success in mountain biking depends on a quality bike and all its attributes. Tales differ in materials and production technologies. The role and discipline in which the athlete performs plays a role. After all, a mountain bike is a lot of different types. There are jumping tricks from trampolines (dert), free ride (freeride), downhill (downhill), as well as parallel slalom riding on rough terrain (cross-country) and others. So, for cross-country, the bike must have a low weight, but in downhill, strength becomes an important aspect. To go mountain biking in our country, you need to be fearless, find a park area and invest enough money for equipment.

Climbing wall. Mountaineering for Russia is a well-known and popular activity. Natural peaks have long been conquered by both amateurs and professionals. But classes with insurance, which give adrenaline in an urban environment, are new. Professional rock climbers have created a new hobby - climbing walls. Initially, these facilities were used only for training. Those amateurs who could not go to nature, whiled away the time in the conquest of plywood heights. The main task of the climbing wall was to imitate a natural rock. For this, the site is created with a fancy shape, and many holds are placed on it. Those who literally "climbed the wall" began to create their own climbing walls, using pieces of metal, reinforcement and plywood for this. Someone managed to make serious business on this. Nowadays, two types of climbing walls are distinguished - inclined and vertical, but if desired, they are also combined. Today, beech plywood is used in the construction of climbing walls, and the sites are no longer only a place for training, but are also used for commercial purposes. To practice on a climbing wall, you just need a desire to get a dose of adrenaline and no fear of heights. Often it is the latter that leads people to this hobby. To be successful, you must successfully catch the center of gravity and secure the harness well. When the climber moves up, an experienced instructor insures him from below. The first ascent to a height of 6-7 meters and touching the carbine with a hand there already cause many a desire to go to conquer peaks of many thousands. Over time, the hobby of small-scale enthusiasts grew into a fast-growing business in Russia. Climbing walls can now be found in shopping centers, and the climbing federation maintains a detailed record of all such sites in the country.

Slambol. This sport combines basketball and streetball, rugby, hockey and trampoline. How could it have turned out to be unseen? After all, athletes who take off over the site at a height of 5 meters and relishly score the ball in the basket attract attention at least by the fact that they successfully fight against Earth's gravity. Since the slambol is quite young, it is constantly being improved and developed, and its rules are still being modified. The basic rules here are the presence of 4 people in each team and eight anti-gravity trampolines near the rings. Slamdunk reigns here, even all conditions are created for it - for touching the ring, the highest number of points is awarded here. A little time is allotted for the attack - only 20 seconds, but this is quite enough to apply a power technique or to imprint the enemy into the side. Attacking from behind is prohibited, here you also cannot attack a player when he is not hitting the ball on the floor. Areas prone to injury are protected. From the outside, it looks like eight adult men are going to roller-skate or arrange a bike ride. Initially, in general, slambolists, when developing a new game, put on almost a motorcycle helmet. There is an interesting innovation here - a bullet for breaking the rules. The victim does not even come out, but flies to the ring in splendid isolation, and there is only one defender opposing him. The names of the positions on the site are also curious. So, the organization of attacks is the "tamer", in football such a player is called a playmaker. The Gunners are entrusted with scoring balls into the basket, while the ball tackling and rare connections to the attack are the lot of the “stoppers”. The creator of trampoline sports, Mason Gordon dreamed that his heroes could equal the opportunities with the heroes of computer games. Here, any guy who hasn't even made it into the NBA can jump above the stars - Kobe Bryant and LeBron James. The project is not only for charitable purposes, it is interesting from the point of view of conjugation of seemingly incompatible sports. Although initially it was based on the principle of the show, literally sacred for Americans. It's no coincidence that Gordon was assisted in the development of the new sport by Mike Tolin, a professional television producer. The first site appeared in an abandoned warehouse. It was perfected with the first five enthusiastic players. After trial games of two teams, a whole draft was held, in which the best sixty were selected out of six hundred applicants. It was they who became the elite of modern slambol, having organized six teams: "Rumble", "Mob", "Diablos", "Slashers", "Steel" and "Bouncers". As soon as the game appeared, the game immediately attracted the attention of television, the teams were offered a solid contract with cable TV. However, after two full seasons in 2002 and 2003, the league did not play for 5 years, having taken a break. However, the return of the spectacular game with flights still took place! And in Australia, they even began to broadcast it in HD format. In Russia, this game also became popular, a national slambry union was created with its own website and relevant documentation. Of course, one cannot count on state support in the development of this sport, so the game is being promoted only by enthusiasts. They are actively looking for both players and coaches. Those who are interested are even helped to get acquainted with the American version right on the spot, watching the matches "live", the union also helps to find the sites necessary for slambol in cities.

Watch the video: 10 EXTREME Sports You Didnt Know Existed

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